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Essen
Lancaster ED702

P/O C T Anderson, Sgt R C Paterson, Sgt J P Nugent, Sgt W D Bickle, Sgt A W Buck, Sgt G J Green, Sgt E Ewan,

T/o Fiskerton 2134 landing 2334 Target Duty Essen

Returned early, bomb sight u/s 1 x 4000, 4 x 500 HE jettisoned safe 2246 hrs 10,000 feet 5935N 0208E. 660 x 4lb, 64 (possibly its unclear) x 30lb I.B's returned to base
Part of the station ORB for 25/26 July 1943
25/26 July 1943 Essen

The following evening with the concept of Window still fresh, 705 bombers were sent to Essen ; 49 Squadron dispatched 14 aircraft and took the opertunity to blood 3 new crews; they were piloted by W/O McCabe RNZAF (ED448), F/O Coates (JA892) and F/O Cottngham (LM306). Three other crews were forced to return early with mechanical problems.

The raid was successful with the Krupps works being heavily damaged; Bomber Command lost 26 aircraft. All 49's Lancasters returned to base including Sgt Petty (JA894) and crew who had a lucky escape when they were hit by incendiaries from an aircraft above; one bomb actually passed through the spinner of the starboard outer engine and penetrated the cowling fortunately without catching fire.
extract from
The Bomber Command War Diaries
By Middlebrook & Everitt
25/26 July 1943
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extract from
Beware Of The Dog At War
By John Ward
25/26July 1943
Essen

705 aircraft - 294 Lancasters, 221 Halifaxes, 104 Stirlings, 67 Wellingtons, 19 Mosquitoes. 26 aircraft - 10 Halifaxes, 7 Stirling, 5 Lancasters,4 Wellington - were lost 3.7% of the force.

The commander of the American VIII Bomber Command, Brigadier-General Fred Anderson, observed this raid as a passenger in an 83 Squadron Lancaster.

This was an attept to achieve a good raid on a major target while the effects of Window were still fresh. The raid was successful, with particular damage being recorded in Essen's industrial areas in the eastern half of the city. The Krupps works suffered what was probably its most damaging raid of the war. 51 other industrial buildings were destroyed and 83 seriously damaged. 2,852 houses were destroyed. 500 people were killed, 12 were missing and 1,208 were injured. The 500 dead are recorded as follows: 165 civilian men, 118 woman, 22 children, 22 servicemen, 131 foreign workers amd 42 prisoners of war.


Minor Operations: 6 Mosquitoes to Hamburg and 3 each to Cologne and Gelsenkirchen, 17 aircraft minelaying in teh Frieians, 7 O.T.U sorties. No losses.
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