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Lancaster ED702

P/O C T Anderson, Sgt R C Paterson, Sgt J P Nugent, Sgt W D Bickle, Sgt A W Buck, Sgt G J Green, Sgt E Ewan

T/o Fiskerton 2221 landing 0821 Target Duty Turin

Turin 0200 hrs. 17,000 ft 132 . Vis good, slight haze. Saw yellow T.I.'s fires seen, 2 red T.I.'s dropped 2 miles to port at 0150 hrs. But main concentration was clearly in town. Red T.I. in bombsight . Marker seen to cascade. Intence and well concentrated fire round concentration of markers. slight icing most of way over France and the Alps and electric storms frequent in South of France. Route trouble free. Landed at Upper Heyford because of fuel shortage.
Part of the station ORB for 12/13 July 1943
12/13 July 1943 Turin

The allies war against the Italians was going very well. With extra preasure brought to bear by Bomber Command it was hopped that Germanys ally would soon capitulate. Turin was selected for an attack by 295 Lancasters. The route took them well out into the Bay of Biscay and across southern France thus avoiding heavily defended areas. Many crews reported heavy icing over France, and encountering thunder clouds over the Alps. S/Ldr Gilpin was forced to return early with the rear turret u/s.

These long haul trips to Italy were not considered easy by crews and to prove the point 13 Lancasters failed to return. Among those missing was F/O Joh Miller and crew from 49 Squadron. Perhaps the raid three nights earlier had been an omen. ED726 with the Millar crew had been blasted by flak over Gelsenkirchen. It had been repaired just in time for them to take part in the Turin trip, the crews fateful 13th operation. The crew have no known grave, but are remembered on the Runnymede Memorial.

Severely low on fuel, four of the squadrons aircraft made for southern airfields. P/O Tomlin landed at Christchurch, P/O Anderson at Upper Heyford and W/O Morrison at Exeter. P/O Moss (ED999) and crew (having been in A Apple over 10 hrs) landed at a very small fighter airfiled of Bolt Head, and in doing so ' scuffed it up a little ' much to the displeasure of the Station Commander.
extract from
The Bomber Command War Diaries
By Middlebrook & Everitt
12/13 July 1943
lancaster_bombers025002.gif hcnext_b.gif hchome_b.gif
extract from
Beware Of The Dog At War
By John Ward
12/13 July 1943

295 aircraft - of 1, 5 and 8 Groups. 13 Lancasters - were lost 4.4% of the force.

The main weight of this raid fell just north of the centre of Turin in clear weather conditions. The only report obtainable from Italy states that 792 people were killed and 914 injured. This was Turins highest number of air raid fatalities during the 10 raids made on the city by Bomber Command during the war.

Among the R.A.F. casualties on this night was Wing Commander J D Nettleton, Commander of 44 (Rhodesia) Squadron who had won the Victoria Cross for low level dayligfht raid on Augsburg in April 1942. Nettletons Lancaster was shot down by a German night figher over the Channel whle returning from Turin. He and his crew all died and their names are on the Runnymede Memorial.

Minor Operations: 22 Wellingtons minelaying of Brest, Lorient and St. Nazaire. 19 O.T.U. sorties. No loses.