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Cologne
Lancaster ED416

P/O C T Anderson, Sgt R C Paterson, Sgt J P Nugent, Sgt W D Bickle, Sgt A W Buck, Sgt G J Green, Sgt E Ewan

T/o Fiskerton 2251 landing 0422 Target Duty Cologne

Cologne 0152 hrs. 20,000ft Haze only, no cloud. Groun detail. Red and green T.I.'s at 0154 blue flash then large explosionseen. Large numbers of well concentrated fires. PFF kept up a steady stream of marker flares (green) and turning pt and red T.I.'s over target
Part of the station ORB for 3/4 July 1943
3/4 July 1943 Cologne

Good ground marking by the Oboe Mossies led to cologne recieving a servere blow from over 600 heavy bombers. 49 Squadron put up 13 Lancasters including a 'freshman' crew piloted by Sgt Coxill (ED721). The night saw the first deployment of a new German unit, Jagdgeschwader 300. Equipped with single engine fighters, it operated in and around the target area, the German pilots using the illumination from teh target fires to spot their victims. The code name for thsi technique was Wilde Sau (Wild Boar). Bomber crews were unused to being attacked over the target and on this night several crews reported being shot at by other bombers. In reality these would have most likely have been 'Wild Boar' attacks.

Thirty aircraft failed to return from the raid; 12 were brought down in the target area, and both flak gunners and Wild Boar pilots claimed these as their victories. But it was flak that caused the only damage to two of49's aircraft

Sgt Eyles (ED438) reported:
extract from
The Bomber Command War Diaries
By Middlebrook & Everitt
3/4 July 1943
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extract from
Beware Of The Dog At War
By John Ward
3/4 July 1943
Cologne

653 aircraft - 293 Lancasters, 182 Halifaxes, 89 Wellingtons, 76 Stirlings, 13 Mosquitoes. 30 aircraft - 9 Halifaxes, 8 Lancasters, 8 Wellingtons, 5 Stirlings - were lost 4.6% of the force.

The aiming point for this raid was that part of Cologne situated on the east bank of the Rhine. Much industry was located there. Pathfinder ground marking was accurately maintained by both the Mosquito Oboe aircraft and the backers-up, allowing the Main Force to carry out another heavey attack on Cologne. 20 industrial premises and 2,200 houses were completely destroyed. 588 people were killed, approimately 1,000 were injured and 72,000 bombed out.

The night saw the first deployment of a new German unit, Jagdgeschwader 300. Equipped with single engine fighters using the 'Wilde Sau' (Wild Boar) technique. In this a German pilot used any form of illumination available over a city being bombed - searchlights, target indicators, the glow of fires on the ground - to pick out a bomber for attack. Liason with the local flak defences was supposed to ensure that the flak was limited to a certain height above wich the Wild Boar fighter was free to operate. R.A.F. crews were not used to meeting German fighters over a target city and it was some time before the presence of the new danger was realized. The reports on this night from 4 bombers that they had been fired on over the target by other bombers was almost certainly a reult of Wild Boar attacks. The new German unit claimed 12 bombers shot down over Cologne but had to share the 12 availablr aircraft found to have crashed with the local flak, who also claimed 12 successes.

Minor Operations: 4 Mosquitoes to Duisburg and 4 to Hamburg, 14 Stirlings minelaying in teh Frisians. 2 Sirtlings lost.
" The leading edge inboard of the port outer engine was holed by flak, causing the rear turret to become u/s."
Sgt Jupp's (ED416) aircraft also recieved minor flak damage. All of the squadrons aircraft returned safely to base except for one which put down at Dunholme.
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