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Krefeld
Lancaster ED702

P/O C T Anderson, Sgt R C Paterson, Sgt J P Nugent, Sgt W D Bickle, Sgt A W Buck, Sgt G J Green, Sgt E Ewan

T/o Fiskerton 2245 landing 0327 Target Duty Krefeld

Krefeld 0136 hrs. 21,000ft Little haze. No cloud. Target identifed visually and T.I.'s 1 red T.I. in bomb sight. Bursts to many to distinguish. P.F.F markers accurately timed appeared to be on target. Fires concentrated around red and green T.I.'s. Weather good.
Part of the station ORB for 21/22 June 1943
21/22 June 1943 Krefeld

A mixed force of over 700 bombers set out in moonlight to bomb this German city. Clear conditions enabled the Pathfinders to drop their ground markers perfectly. The resulting bombing destroyed almost 50% of the built up area in the city centre

However, there was a price to be paid. The clear moonlit conditions also assisted the night fighters and 44 of the raiders were shot down. The 7 aircraft from Fiskerton all made it home safely. But not without the odd moments of excitment.
extract from
The Bomber Command War Diaries
By Middlebrook & Everitt
21/22 June 1943
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extract from
Beware Of The Dog At War
By John Ward
21/22 June 1943
Krefeld

705 aircraft - 262 Lancasters, 209 Halifaxes, 117 Stirlings, 105 Wellingtons, 12 Mosquitoes. 44 aircraft - 17 Halifaxes, 9 Lancasters, 9 Wellingtons, 9 Stirlings were lost 6.2% of the force.

This raid was carried out before the moon period was over and the heavy casualties were mostly caused by night fighters. 12 of the aircraft lost were from the pathfinders; 35 Squadron lost 6 of its 19 Halifaxes taking part in the raud.

The raid took place in good visability and the pathfinders produced an almost perfect marking effort, ground-markers dropped by Oboe Mosquitoes being well backed up by the Pathfinder heavies. 619 aircraft bombed these markers more than three quatrers of them achieving bombing photogrpahs with 3 miles of the centre of Krefeld. 2,306 tons of boms weredropped. A large area of fire became establishedand this raged, out of cotro;, for several hours. The whole centre of the city approximately 47% of the build-up area - was burnt out. The total of 5,517 houses destroyed, quoted in Krefeld's records, was the largest figure so far i the war. 1,056 people were killed and 4,550 were injured. 72,000 people lost their homes; 20,000 of these were billeted upon familes in suburbs, 30,000 moved in with relatives or friends and 20,000 were evacuated to other towns.

Minor operations: 1 Mosquito to Hamborn, 15 O.T.U. sorties. No losses.
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